Can you imagine a world without songs without dance, without drawings. Children who don’t sing, dance or be creative are unhappy. Prehistoric people, already painted, they made music and told their stories. Yes, we would die without art. But why do we need art, what’s the matter? Art makes us human. We are the only living being that makes art. In order to understand the need for art, we must understand the essence of it and understand what it brings to us.
1.- Art communicates. Man is a social being
Man is primarily a social being. He has to communicate with others. Art speaks about feelings, history, morals, philosophy, religion, ideas and values. It can be the expression of a group, but also of an individual artist. Picasso with his “Guernica” shouts. It is a terrifying image of injustice, the death of innocents, the bombing of the city of Guernica. Rembrandt in his “Night Guard” portrays the Amsterdam Guardian, a civil guard, a sort of network club from that time, of the city, commissioned by the Guardian to present the members with pride. Each member paid for it to be displayed. “A painting is a poem without words.” Horacio (65 BC-8 a.C.), writer
2.- Art innovated. Art gives society a boost
The society in which we live is a product of creativity and innovation. Someone took steps to design and find out aircraft, washing machines and X-rays. Human society is moving forward because it creates. We all attach a connection between art with creativity. Art can open new unknown paths. The innovative nature of art has ensured that many works were not appreciated in their time. We all know Van Gogh’s story. The Eiffel Tower in Paris, nineteenth century, was not recognized by many people at the time, the construction material was too new, iron. What do you think of this idea of Pete Fecteau, 2010? He builds a mosaic mural with more than 4000 rubik cubes. http://www.proyectateahora.com/expresion-arte-y-creatividad/
3.- Art is the expression of his time and his people
Man needs to know his past, his roots. Adopted people want to know who their biological parents are, from where they come from. The same is happening to humanity in general. Art is the expression of his time. It tells us about history, thought, values, feelings. Art shows the spirit of culture in a certain period (time) in a certain place (space). If we know the art history, we know the human being and the world in which he lives. The societies based on agriculture and livestock creates other artworks than industrial societies. The artistic works of the first are related to magic-religious rituals where fertility of man, cattle and land is important. Art in industrial society, elevates the individual, freedoms, appreciates the scientific knowledge.
4.- Art makes you think
We are more than flesh and blood, we have a spirit that feels, learns and reflects. We reflect to get to know, to make decisions or to avoid mistakes, to deepen. Art lets us reflect, we observe and exchange ideas. Art raises the level of consciousness, is an intellectual activity that enriches the culture of thought. The artist Banksy makes work, graffiti, performed on the street. His reflection on our society. He talks about our world, with a critical look. http://banksy.co.uk/out.asp “I think a piece of art should let the viewer confused, meditate on the meaning of life.”
Antoni Tapies (1923-2012) Spanish painter
5.- A work of art is unique
An artwork is exclusive, unique, there is no one the same. This gives it a special character and a higher value. We consider many artists as geniuses, Leonardo da Vinci is an example of that. Man loves to surround himself with beautiful, exciting, interesting, valuable things. In today’s society where everything is personalized, our diet, our sport, our taste for art defines us as well. We want to hang on the walls of our house, the art of which we love. We want to enrich our home, show our tastes and ways of thinking. Art is the expression of his time and his people. Man needs to know his past, his roots. Adopted people want to know who their biological parents are, from where they come from. The same is happening to humanity in general. Art is the expression of his time. It tells us about history, thought, values, feelings. Art shows the spirit of culture in a certain period (time) in a certain place (space). If we know the art history, we know the human being and the world in which he lives. The societies based on agriculture and livestock creates other artworks than industrial societies. The artistic works of the first are related to magic-religious rituals where fertility of man, cattle and land is important. Art in industrial society, elevates the individual, freedoms, appreciates the scientific knowledge.
6.- Art inspires
Art inspires, gives us energy, it can be the spark to create new ideas. The arts inspired each other, music inspired the film industry, architecture inspired fashion, paintings inspired writers in their novels. Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code takes Leonardo da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” as a reference. The novel, published by Tracy Chevalier in 1999, “Girl with a Pearl Earring” tells the story of a maid inspired by Vermeer’s painting, “Girl with the Pearl”.
7.- Art unites, is a universal language, no matter what language you speak
In the globalized world in which we live, with so many different languages and cultures, art unites us, it is understandable to humans, regardless of the language he speaks. Art is a universal language because it tells about human agreements / generosities. Art marks the similarities, indicates the common.
8.- Do you know anything multifunctional? The art
Art has changed several functions that have changed through history, influenced by the society in which it was created. Art is multifunctional.
– Magical-religious function. Art associated with magic rituals for which it is produced. The work of art can in itself have a “magical power”.
– Aesthetic function. When the artwork revolves around the concept of beauty. Example, the representation of aesthetic ideals from Greek Ancient.
– Ideological function. The thoughts of a movement (social, political, religious …) are passed through the work of art.
– Ornamental function. Art is used to transform, decorate and transform a space.
– Political function. From political propaganda for the celebration of triumphs and the desolation of historical figures such as in ancient Rome and Napoleon. Or as a criticism of society, which reflects internal or social conflicts.
9.- Art gives joy
A work of art enriches, gives us joy, can emotion, speaks of essences, teaches, reflects life and reality; art makes us people. What do you think? “The first merit of a painting is a feast for the eye.” Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863) French painter.
Illustration by Ángeles Nieto